The lagoon is an integral part of the Natura 2000 network because it was classified as a special conservation area approved by the European Commission Decision on 28 December 2001 under the Habitats Directive 92/43 / EEC. This lagoon of very blue waters occupies an area of 1 360 ha, which is quite taking into account the dimensions of the island itself.

Lagoa do Fogo is the second largest lagoon of the Island of São Miguel, and also the highest, classified since 1974 as a Nature Reserve, such as its natural and scenic value.

Occupying about 1360 hectares, in the caldera of a dormant volcano that will have formed about 15,000 years ago, giving shape to the great volcanic massif of the Serra de Agua de Pau, Lagoa do Fogo enchants by its natural beauty and phenomenal dimension, arriving at reach 30 meters deep.

Its elliptical shape is 3 × 2.5 km in size and is the result of the last collapse, which occurred at the top of the volcano, approximately 5,000 years ago. The last eruption dates back to 1563.

Source: Câmara Municipal Vila Franca do Campo

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